Writing a critical literature review example

How to Write a Literature Review How to Write a Literature Review A well-written literature review should provide your readers a deep insight on the writings that helped you build your research. A literature review is not just a summary. It should have a solid structure with clear explanation and, above all, it should have substance.

Writing a critical literature review example

Research Critique 1 Jamber, E. Investigating leadership, gender, and coaching level using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, The purpose of the study was to determine possible differences in leadership behaviors, using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale RLSSbetween male and female coaches and among different coaching levels.

The researchers submitted two hypotheses.

writing a critical literature review example

The first hypothesis was that male and female coaches would respond differently to the RLSS in overall leadership behaviors.

The second hypothesis was that differences on the RLSS would occur among coaching levels: The sample was nonrandom, including coaches that were chosen on a volunteer basis. Within the sample, 0. With regard to coaching level, 25 0.

While this is a good sample size, the problem lies with the distribution of the sample. The sample number for junior high coaches, in particular, is rather low.

Writing a Critical Review

A larger sample with regard to all categories would have aided in the data analysis, particularly when looking for possible interactions between gender and coaching level. This scale is used to measure six leadership behaviors: This produced an ordinal level data set.

Scales were administered in a number of environmental settings: The internal consistency for each section was calculated: There was no information, however, regarding the validity of the RLSS.

A MANOVA was used to analyze the data for differences between male and female coaches with regard to leadership behaviors. This is not consistent with the type of data collected.

The analysis showed there were no significant differences between male and female coaches in overall leadership behaviors. When the six leadership styles were examined separately, there was a significant difference in social support between males and females.

In general, females scored much higher than did the male coaches. A MANOVA was also used to examine the data for differences between the three levels of coaching junior high, high school, and college with regard to leadership behavior in general.

Sample of Research Literature Review

There were significant differences between the three levels. When breaking down the six behaviors and examining them individually, an ANOVA was used to analyze the data. The three coaching levels scored differently on three of the six behaviors: High school coaches scored much higher than college level coaches in democratic behavior.

Junior high coaches were significantly lower in training and instruction than either high school or college coaches.


Junior high coaches also demonstrated a lesser degree of social support than either the high school or college coaches. A MANOVA was again used to analyze the data for any interaction between gender and coaching level with regard to overall leadership behavior.

Once again, a better analysis method could have been chosen based on the nature of the data collected. The results indicated no significant interactions.

The ecological generaliziability for the study is fairly high.What is a Literature Review? (and How Do I Write One?!) 1 Nicholas Shunda University of Connecticut • Synthesizes literature (critical thinking) What a Literature Review – A constellation of sites with tips on writing a literature review, a sample literature review, checklists, and .

It offers a process and suggests some strategies for writing book reviews. What is a review? A review is a critical evaluation of a text, event, object, or phenomenon.

This handout will focus on book reviews. For a similar assignment, see our handout on literature reviews. Above all, a review makes an argument. It combines balanced. Mar 24,  · For example, This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are (1) in the situation, and (2) within the individual.” 8.

Relevance to thesis is made clear. 8. A critical review is not to be mistaken for the literature review. A 'critical review' is a complete type of text, discussing one particular article or book in detail. The 'literature review', which also needs to be 'critical', is a part of a larger type of text e.g.

a chapter of your dissertation. gatekeepers is by critically reviewing the published literature on your topic and showing how the proposed research will contribute to the conversation. Types of Literature and Types of Literature Reviews In general, the literature can be divided into four substantive categories: 1.

More and more students are required to perform a critical literature review as part of their undergraduate or postgraduate studies. Whilst most of the latest research methods textbooks advise how to do a literature search, very few cover the literature review.

This paper covers two types of review: a critical literature review and a systematic review.

Guidelines for writing a literature review