The moral and ethical implications of human cloning

Apr 14, Introduction Genetic research has advanced in a dramatic fashion in the last decade or so, to the point where it has now become possible to attempt therapeutic genetic modification, in a few cases of human genes, where a defects exists which manifests itself in certain serious diseases.

The moral and ethical implications of human cloning

Humiliation Violations of human dignity in terms of humiliation refer to acts that humiliate or diminish the self-worth of a person or a group. Acts of humiliation are context dependent but we normally have an intuitive understanding where such a violation occurs.

This approach builds on Immanuel Kant 's moral imperative stipulating that we should treat people as ends or goals in themselves, namely as having ultimate moral worth which should not be instrumentalized.

Degradation Violations of human dignity as degradation refer to acts that degrade the value of human beings. These are acts that, even if done by consent, convey a message that diminishes the importance or value of all human beings. They consist of practices that human beings should not be subjected to, regardless of whether subjective humiliation is involved, such as selling oneself to slavery, or when a state authority deliberately puts prisoners in inhuman living conditions.

Dehumanization These are acts that strip a person or a group of their human characteristics. It may involve describing or treating them as animals or as a lower type of human beings.

This has occurred in genocides such as the Holocaust and in Rwanda where the minority were compared to insects. Some of the practices that violate human dignity include torturerapesocial exclusionlabor exploitationbonded laborand slavery. Relative povertyon the other hand, is a violation because the cumulative experience of not being able to afford the same clothes, entertainment, social events, education, or other features of typical life in that society results in subtle humiliation; social rejection; marginalization; and consequently, a diminished self-respect.

Another example of violation of human dignity, especially for women in developing countries, is lack of sanitation. Having no access to toilets leaves currently about 1 billion people of the world with no choice other than to defecation in the openwhich has been declared by the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations as an affront to personal dignity.

The movie The Magic Christian depicts a wealthy man Peter Sellers and his son Ringo Starr who test the limits of dignity by forcing people to perform self-degrading acts for money.

The Simpsons episode " Homer vs. Dignity " has a similar plot. In his " Oration on the Dignity of Man ", he told hostile clerics about the dignity of the liberal arts and about the dignity and the glory of angels.

His comments implied the dignity of philosophers. Adler wrote that the only sense in which it is true that all human beings are equal is that they are equally distinct from animals. As he argues, "it seems that it is this very nature of the concept that has allowed, on the one hand, human rights to receive such international acceptance as a theoretical enterprise and, on the other hand, has led the concept to be constantly challenged by different cultures worldwide.

Individuals such as these are presented as role-models of dignity because they did not abandon their self-respect by bowing to social pressures. When faced with the fear of disapproval, poverty, hunger, death etc.

The path ahead

Such a person has grasped the most trustworthy support which will never fail him" Quran God awarded these individuals with authority and status in the land, and this reward is open to anyone who proves themselves worthy: We have done so because We keep those who lead their lives according to Divine guidance safe from such mishaps.

Elaborations on dignity have been made by many scholars of Islam, such as Mohammad-Ali Taskhirihead of the Islamic Culture and Communications Organization in Iranin According to Taskhiri, dignity is a state to which all humans have equal potential, but which can only be actualized by living a life pleasing to the eyes of God.

The case against cloning In England, for example, the House of Lords recently voted to 92 in favor of promoting experiments which will attempt to clone human beings — even though a conglomerate of religious leaders Roman Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Muslims, and Sikhs petitioned the politicians to pause and study the ethical issues involved in such an ambitious enterprise.
The Ethical, Social & Legal Issues of Cloning Animals & Humans | Synonym What rights would a child born as a genetic copy of another have? The starvation and subsequent implantation of DNA from specialized, non-sexual cells of one organism e.
Contraception and the Reformed Faith Sharing Catholic Social Teaching:
Human Cloning Cloning We live in a brave new world in which reproductive technologies are ravaging as well as replenishing families.

They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declarationwithout distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

It has been invoked in questions of the bioethics of human genetic engineeringhuman cloningand end-of-life care particularly in such situations as the Terri Schiavo casea controversial situation in which life support was withdrawn from a woman diagnosed in a persistent vegetative state.

Dolly is born! Announcement and reaction

The Declaration says at article 11, "It is the duty of physicians who participate in medical research to protect the life, health, dignity, integrityright to self-determinationprivacyand confidentiality of personal information of research subjects. The convention's preamble contains these statements, among others: Conscious of the accelerating developments in biology and medicine; Convinced of the need to respect the human being both as an individual and as a member of the human species and recognising the importance of ensuring the dignity of the human being; Conscious that the misuse of biology and medicine may lead to acts endangering human dignity; Resolving to take such measures as are necessary to safeguard human dignity and the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual with regard to the application of biology and medicine.

The Convention states, "Parties to this Convention shall protect the dignity and identity of all human beings and guarantee everyone, without discrimination, respect for their integrity and other rights and fundamental freedoms with regard to the application of biology and medicine.

At Article 2, the declaration states, "Everyone has a right to respect for their dignity.

A Series Of Unprincipled Exceptions | Slate Star Codex

The report used "the principles of respect for human life and dignity" as its reason for recommending that various activities associated with genetic research and human reproduction be prohibited.

The report said the prohibited activities were "contrary to Canadian values of equality and respect for human life and dignity. The Council advises the Ministry on matters of medicine and genetic research on humans.

Inthe Council condemned "reproductive cloning because it would violate human dignity, because it could have adverse consequences for the cloned person and because permitting research on reproductive cloning would reflect a disregard for the respect due to the moral status of embryos.The more consistently one attempts to adhere to an ideology, the more one's sanity becomes a series of unprincipled exceptions.

— graaaaaagh (@graaaaaagh) February 5, Meeting with a large group of effective altruists can be a philosophically disconcerting experience, and my recent meetup with Stanford Effective Altruist Club was no exception. In order to grapple with the ethical implications of cloning and genetic engineering, we need to confront questions largely lost from view in the [End Page ] modern world—questions about the moral status of nature and about the proper stance of human beings toward the given world.

The moral and ethical implications of human cloning

Since questions such as these verge on theology, or at. Menu Ethics and morality. A very brief overview of all aspects of morality: When many people see the word "morality," their first thought often relates to sexual activity of some individuals and groups, like us, use much broader definitions.

Reflections of the U.S. Catholic Bishops. The Summary Report of the Task Force on Catholic Social Teaching and Catholic Education. This publication contains two documents,the bishops' statement Sharing Catholic Social Teaching: Challenges and Directions and the Summary Report of the Task Force on Catholic Social Teaching and Catholic Education.

In bioethics, the ethics of cloning refers to a variety of ethical positions regarding the practice and possibilities of cloning, especially human cloning. While many of these views are religious in origin, some of the questions raised by cloning are faced by secular perspectives as well.

Hypothetical Treatment of Ethical Dilemma - This paper is an analysis of a hypothetical vignette in which a counselor-in-training named Callie, a fairly experienced and nearly-licensed counselor supervisee, approaches her counselor supervisor for advice and direction regarding an ethical dilemma.

Ethical Issues in Stem Cell Research