Various cults and movements dawned and dwindled over time. In this respect, the Roman Empire was civilized, tolerant 6 and peaceful as much as was possible, given how many problems with Human governance had not yet been resolved. But occasionally the mood changed, especially when the growth of atheism throughout the empire offended someone with enough power to react.
Censorship -- the control of the information and ideas circulated within a society -- has been a hallmark of dictatorships throughout history.
In the 20th Century, censorship was achieved through the examination of books, plays, films, television and radio programs, news reports, and other forms of communication for the purpose of altering or suppressing ideas found to be objectionable or offensive.
The rationales for censorship have varied, with some censors targeting material deemed to be indecent or obscene; heretical or blasphemous; or seditious or treasonous. Thus, ideas have been suppressed under the guise of protecting three basic social institutions: Not all censorship is equal, nor does all arise from government or external force.
People self-censor all the time; such restraint can be part of the price of rational dialogue. The artist Ben Shahn's poster illustration reads: To understand censorship, and the impulse to censor, it is necessary to strip away the shock epithet value that is attached to the word at first utterance.
One Artistic censorship essay recognize that censorship and the ideology supporting it go back to ancient times, and that every society has had customs, taboos, or laws by which speech, dress, religious observance, and sexual expression were regulated.
In Athens, where democracy first emerged, censorship was well known as a means of enforcing the prevailing orthodoxy.
Indeed, Plato was the first recorded thinker to formulate a rationale for intellectual, religious, and artistic censorship. In his ideal state outlined in The Republic, official censors would prohibit mothers and nurses from relating tales deemed bad or evil.
Plato also proposed that unorthodox notions about God or the hereafter be treated as crimes and that formal procedures be established to suppress heresy. Freedom of speech in Ancient Rome was reserved for those in positions of authority. The poets Ovid and Juvenal were both banished, and authors of seditious writings were punished severely.
The emperor Nero deported his critics and burned their books. The organized church soon joined the state as an active censor. The Biblical injunction, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in vain" is clearly an early attempt to set limits on what would be acceptable theological discourse.
Likewise, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image" is an attempt to set limits on how the Divine may or may not be represented. And no one, in any land, should think this is anachronistic. Across the world today, appeals to divinity are common reasons for banning the dissemination of a broad range of materials.
Censorship is no more acceptable for being practiced in the name of religion than for national security which is certainly an acceptable secular substitute for religious rationales in the 20th Century. It only indicates that confronting censorship must always involve confronting some part of ourselves and our common history that is both painful and deep-seated.
Unique historical considerations can also spawn censorship.
It is illegal, under German law, to depict any kind of glorification of the Nazis or even to display the emblem of the swastika. The law is enforced to the point where even historical battle simulations may not use the actual emblems that were used during World War II by the Waffen SS, for instance.Censorship Essay Words | 5 Pages.
Censorship Censorship is a highly controversial topic regarding the arts, controlling the freedom of expression of artists .
The first copyright law was a censorship law. It was not about protecting the rights of authors, or encouraging them to produce new works.
Authors' rights were in little danger in sixteenth-century England, and the recent arrival of the printing press (the world's first copying machine) was if anything energizing to writers.
The elegant Folio Society produces only a handful of limited editions a year; all artistic but never pornographic. So you might wonder why such a society would pick now to republish a 2,year.
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Although music censorship is imposed for various reasons, music is a form of artistic expression and censorship violates the artist’s human right of expression. Musicians have the right to express themselves freely just as the audience has the right to choose whether or not to listen.
Footnotes. 1. The Sociology of Georg Simmel, Kurt H. Wolff, ed.,(New York: The Free Press, ), pp. ; translated from Soziologie ().. 2. Surface.