An introduction to the ancient mediterranean world

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An introduction to the ancient mediterranean world

Greek red and Phoenician yellow colonies in antiquity c. It provided routes for trade, colonization, and war, as well as food from fishing and the gathering of other seafood for numerous communities throughout the ages. Two of the most notable Mediterranean civilizations in classical antiquity were the Greek city states and the Phoeniciansboth of which extensively colonized the coastlines of the Mediterranean.

For the next years, the Roman Empire completely controlled the Mediterranean Sea and virtually all its coastal regions from Gibraltar to the Levant.

Darius's canal was wide enough for two triremes to pass each other with oars extended, and required four days to traverse. Temporarily the east was again dominant as Roman power lived on in the Byzantine Empire formed in the 4th century from the eastern half of the Roman Empire. The Arab invasions disrupted the trade relations between Western and Eastern Europe while cutting the trade route with Oriental lands.

This however had the indirect effect of promoting the trade across the Caspian Sea.

Mediterranean Sea - Wikipedia

The export of grains from Egypt was re-routed towards the Eastern world. Oriental goods like silk and spices were carried from Egypt to ports like Venice and Constantinople by sailors and Jewish merchants. The Viking raids further disrupted the trade in western Europe and brought it to a halt.

However, the Norsemen developed the trade from Norway to the White Seawhile also trading in luxury goods from Spain and the Mediterranean. The Byzantines in the mid-8th century retook control of the area around the north-eastern part of the Mediterranean.

Venetian ships from the 9th century armed themselves to counter the harassment by Arabs while concentrating trade of oriental goods at Venice. A document dated mentions Amalfian merchants living in Cairo. Another letter states that the Genoese had traded with Alexandria. The caliph al-Mustansir had allowed Amalfian merchants to reside in Jerusalem about in place of the Latin hospice.

These colonies also allowed them to trade with the Eastern world. Though the fall of the Crusader states and attempts at banning of trade relations with Muslim states by the Popes temporarily disrupted the trade with the Orient, it however continued.

The bombardment of Algiers by the Anglo-Dutch fleet in support of an ultimatum to release European slaves, August Ottoman power based in Anatolia continued to grow, and in extinguished the Byzantine Empire with the Conquest of Constantinople.

An introduction to the ancient mediterranean world

Ottomans gained control of much of the sea in the 16th century and maintained naval bases in southern FranceAlgeria and Tunisia. Barbarossathe famous Ottoman captain is a symbol of this domination with the victory of the Battle of Preveza The Battle of Djerba marked the apex of Ottoman naval domination in the Mediterranean.

Galley - Wikipedia

As the naval prowess of the European powers increased, they confronted Ottoman expansion in the region when the Battle of Lepanto checked the power of the Ottoman Navy. This was the last naval battle to be fought primarily between galleys. Once, most trade between Western Europe and the East had passed through the region, but after the s the development of a sea route to the Indian Ocean allowed the importation of Asian spices and other goods through the Atlantic ports of western Europe.

Inmore than one million migrants crossed the Mediterranean Sea into Europe. Sinceovermigrants have landed in Italy, [29] mainly sub-Saharan Africans. The Strait of Gibraltar can be seen in the bottom left north-west quarter of the image; to its left is the Iberian Peninsula in Europeand to its right, the Maghreb in Africa.

The Dardanelles strait in Turkey.Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean Portal to my podcast, websites, blog, and publications, providing an entryway into social and religious life among Greeks, Romans, Judeans, Christians, and others in the Roman empire.

Home page for the Classical Atlas Project, a joint effort of the American Philological Association and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Includes information about the forthcoming Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman world, a reference work of permanent value. The atlas has an exceptionally broad appeal to everyone worldwide with an interest in ancient Greeks and Romans, the.

Volume 1 in the new Cambridge World History of Slavery surveys the history of slavery in the ancient Mediterranean world. Although chapters are devoted to the ancient Near East and the Jews, its principal concern is with the societies of ancient Greece and Rome.

Cyprus: Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea renowned since ancient times for its mineral wealth, superb wines and produce, and natural beauty. A “golden-green leaf thrown into the Sea” and a land of “wild weather and volcanoes,” in the words of the Greek Cypriot poet Leonidas Malenis, Cyprus.

Creation has been one of the most interesting and intriguing subjects in the Old Testament. In modern Biblical scholarship a number of new interpretations of the early chapters of Genesis have been suggested, especially in the areas of comparative study and literary analysis.

Introduction to Ancient Egypt and Its Civilization from University of Pennsylvania. Colossal pyramids, imposing temples, golden treasures, enigmatic hieroglyphs, powerful pharaohs, strange gods, and mysterious mummies are features of Ancient.

Punic Wars - HISTORY