It is distinguished from comparative criminology, which focuses on crime patterns in two or more cultures and on testing—at the international level—theories about crime.
Instead of relying heavily on incarceration, other countries successfully use community-based responses, treatment for addiction, and services to ensure that once a person is released from prison that he or she does not return.
There is much to learn from their experience and policymakers would be wise to study examples of success across the globe. Further, when incarceration is used in other nations, the average sentence length is significantly shorter, with no apparent increase in offense rates.
The criminal justice policies of the United States should be avoided by other nations and serve as a harrowing example of the problem of an excessively punitive system.
Here are some of the key recommendations from the report: Consider responses other than incarceration: Germany and Finland both use a day fine system based on the seriousness of the offense and apply proportional punishment on all people, regardless of socio-economic status.
The fine is generally levied based on the amount of money a person earns on a given day and is meted out over a specified number of days. By instead requiring people to personally make down-payments to the court which are refunded when they return to trial, public safety can be better protected and the number of people unnecessarily held pretrial can be reduced.
Provide more treatment for more people outside the criminal justice system: Treatment for drug addiction should be widely available outside the criminal justice system and affordable for people who need it. In cases in which the offense is related to the personal use of drugs, treatment should be the first response rather than incarceration.
Scale back sentence lengths, especially for drug offenses: No other comparison nation has mandatory sentencing for possession of small amounts of illegal substances.
Such broad sentencing structures are significant contributors to the number of people in prison in the U. Other nations successfully put into practice an approach to reentry that includes both mental and behavioral health, as well as sociological factors like housing, employment, and education.
Such a holistic approach could be cost effective in terms of keeping people from returning to prison and improving life outcomes. Raise the age of criminal responsibility and end transfers to adult courts: Also, no other comparison nation transfers as many youth adult criminal courts as the United States at such young ages.
This has a negative impact on community and individual well-being, as it decreases the chance a youth will be able to avoid future justice involvement and increases the risk of harm while in custody.
Invest in positive institutions: We hope this report helps policymakers re-imagine justice systems to save taxpayers money, treat people fairly and make us safer at the same time.
Costs were high, and overcrowding caused serious problems for inmates and the enforcement agencies. In addition nothing in our crime situation indicated that Finland should have two-to-three times more prisoners than our Nordic neighbors.
In response, our legislators invested in public programs that improve communities and prevent justice involvement, and stopped choosing incarceration when other, less-restrictive options were appropriate. Finland and the other low-imprisonment Nordic countries, stand as an example of policies that have successfully replaced custodial interventions by community- and social prevention programs.
For additional information, please contact Zerline Hughes at The Justice Policy Institute, based in Washington, DC, is working to reduce the use of incarceration and the justice system and promoting policies that improve the well-being of all people and communities.
For more information, please visit www.This chapter offers a review of the most central themes and issues of comparative research on criminal justice. The emphasis is on investigations of the contemporary, rather than the historical, dimensions of criminal justice, particularly the most recent developments in comparative criminal justice research over the past decade.
Should Consider Other Nations’ Justice Policies Report says adopting criminal justice practices of other countries could improve safety, cut costs in the U.S.
WASHINGTON, DC — With nearly million people incarcerated in the United States, there is a growing consensus that more must be done to reduce prison populations and costs while.
People who study comparative criminal justice study different forms and use of punishment across societies, including capital punishment. Fifty-nine countries retain the death penalty as reported in .
Comparative Criminal Justice Systems – Shahid M. Shahidullah Written For Students Of Criminal Justice, Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: Global And Local Perspectives Examines The Nature Of Crime And Justice In Varying Countries And Cultures In North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, And Latin America.
Using A Topical Approach, It Compares Different . It is also common to consider the study of the legal system of a country other than one’s home country as being comparative criminal justice systems research.
Comparative criminal justice systems: courts, and corrections by using more than thirty different countries to show the diversity in legal systems around the world. This edition. Comparative justice study guide by deborah_hansell2 includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Define comparative criminal justice? Investigates and evaluates a national system in terms of other countries. Define comparative criminology. Study of causes and correlations of crime in two or more countries. Comparative.